Nobler arts: the liberal arts or sciences. "Arts that respect the mind were ever reputed nobler than those that serve the body"—Ben Jonson (quoted in Samuel Johnson's Dictionary, under "Art"). Relish: taste; delight in; power of perceiving excellence. Incommodious: inconvenient; vexatious.
Melancholy: pensiveness; quietly serious thoughtfulness, sadness, or longing. Nice: accurate in judgment to minute exactness; superfluously exact. Vacancy: emptiness; sense of longing. Want: need; deficiency. Sensibly: quickly; keenly.
Levity: inconstancy or changeableness; unsteadiness; trifling gaiety. Artifice: trickery; fraud; stratagem. Faction: tumult, discord, or dissention, especially as arising from disputes among civil or religious parties.
Soldan: sultan; the supreme ruler of one or another of the great Mohammedan powers or countries of the Middle Ages.
Mamalukes: members of the military body, originally composed of Caucasian slaves, that seized the throne of Egypt in 1254 and continued to form the ruling class in that country during the eighteenth century. Prætorian bands: the bodyguards of the emperors of ancient Rome. Prodigal: lavish; wasteful.
Palliate: to cover with excuse; to extenuate or soften by favorable representations. Appellation: name or title. Peculiar: appropriate; belonging to any one with exclusion of others. Tyes: ties; bonds or obligations. Factitious: made by art, in opposition to what is made by nature.
Counterpoise: counterweight; equivalence of force in the opposite side.
Pernicious: mischievous in the highest degree; destructive.
Unaccountable: not explicable; not to be solved by reason; not reducible to rule. Credulity: easiness of belief; a readiness to credit. Sublunary: earthly; of this world. Raptures: violent seizures; violence of any pleasing passion; uncommon heat of imagination. Transports: raptures; ecstasy. Illapses: sudden attacks; emissions or entrances of one thing into another.
Votaries: those devoted, as by a vow, to any particular service, worship, study, or state of life.
Remissness: carelessness; negligence; lack of ardor; inattention.
The Romish church: the Roman Catholic church. Sectaries: persons who divide from public establishment and join with those distinguished by some particular whims; followers of a particular sect. Regular: methodical; strict; orderly. Infirmity: weakness; failing; disease or malady. Abject: mean; worthless; base; groveling.
Prerogative: exclusive or peculiar privilege or right; preeminence; superiority.
Divines: ministers or priests; theologians.
Toilettes: the receptions of visitors by a lady during the concluding stages of her process of dressing; very fashionable in the eighteenth century. Arcadia: a mountainous district in the southern peninsula of Greece, taken in literature as an ideal region of rural contentment.
Conceit: pleasant fancy; gaity of imagination; acuteness; pleasant thought.
Vulgar: those with common or untrained minds, as distinguished here from "men of sense."
Grasiers: those who feed cattle. Police: order; regulation; administration.
Porter: a kind of beer, dark brown in color and bitter in taste, which originally was drunk chiefly by porters and the lower class of laborers. Subject: that which can be drawn upon or utilized; means of doing something. Expense: expenditures. Libertine: licentious.
Projectors: those who form visionary or impracticable schemes or designs.
Cudgel-playing: a fighting or sporting contest with short heavy sticks or clubs. Faith: trust in the nation's credit-worthiness.
Exchequer: the court to which are brought all the revenues belonging to the crown. Trepan: to catch; to ensnare. Bugbear: a frightful object; a walking specter, imagined to be seen—generally used in the eighteenth century for a false terror to frighten babes.
Irrefragable: not to be refuted; superior to argumental opposition.
Pupillage: state of being still like a pupil.
Parterre: the part of the floor of a theater behind the orchestra. Phisiognomy: physiognomy; the face or countenance, especially viewed as an index to the mind and character. Put a Violence upon: to apply severe or undue constraint to some natural process or habit so as to prevent its free development or exercise.
The cuneiform inscription in the Liberty Fund logo is the earliest-known written appearance of the word "freedom" (amagi), or "liberty." It is taken from a clay document written about 2300 B.C. in the Sumerian city-state of Lagash.