Cyclopædia of Political Science, Political Economy, and the Political History of the United States
FEDERALIST, The. Immediately after the publication of the constitution Hamilton issued the first of a series of papers by himself, Madison and Jay, in the "Independent Journal" of New York city, in explanation and defense of the new system of federal government. Gouverneur Morris was also invited to take part, but was prevented by private business. The joint signature was at first A Citizen of New York, afterward Publius, and over this signature eighty-five essays were published from October, 1787, until March, 1788, when they were collected in book form under the title of The Federalist. Jay wrote five essays: sixty-three are claimed for Hamilton by his son, leaving fourteen to Madison and three to their joint effort; but Madison is credited by the Philadelphia edition of 1819, corrected by himself, with twenty-nine essays, leaving fifty-one to Hamilton. The Federalist was widely read, and aided materially in securing the adoption of the constitution.
Return to top