Cyclopædia of Political Science, Political Economy, and the Political History of the United States

Edited by: Lalor, John J.
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New York: Maynard, Merrill, and Co.
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Includes articles by Frédéric Bastiat, Gustave de Molinari, Henry George, J. B. Say, Francis A. Walker, and more.
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NEVADA, a state of the American Union, formed from territory acquired from Mexico. (See ANNEXATIONS, IV) The territory Nevada was organized out of the territory of Utah, by act of March 2, 1861. An enabling act was passed March 21, 1864, and the state was declared a member of the Union, in accordance with the enabling act, by President Lincoln's proclamation of Oct. 31, 1864.


—BOUNDARIES. The boundaries of the state, as defined in the enabling act and accepted in the state constitution, were as follows: Beginning at the intersection of longitude 38° west from Washington with 37° north latitude: thence due west to the eastern boundary of California: thence northwest and north, along the eastern boundary line of California, to 42° north latitude; thence due east to longitude 38° west from Washington; and thence due south to the place of beginning. The act of May 5. 1866, took from the territory of Utah and added to the state of Nevada the territory between 37° and 38° west longitude and 37° and 42° north latitude, so that the eastern boundary of the state is now longitude 37° west from Washington.


—CONSTITUTION The first constitutional convention met at Carson City July 4-28, 1864, and formed a constitution, which was ratified by popular vote, Oct. 11. It prohibited slavery; gave the right of suffrage to white male citizens over twenty-one on residence of six months in the state, providing they had not borne arms against the United States; fixed the term of the governor at four years, of senators at four years, and of representatives at two years; prohibited special legislation on a number of specified subjects; and fixed the seat of government at Carson City.


—GOVERNORS. James W. Nye. 1864-9; Henry G. Blaisdell, 1869-71; L. R. Bradley. 1871-9: John H. Kinkead, 1879-83.


—POLITICAL HISTORY. From the admission of the state until 1870 it was steadily republican, the democratic representation in the legislature being only nominal. In 1870 the democrats carried the state and elected their candidate for governor, Bradley. The senate stood twelve republicans to eleven democrats, and the house twenty-six democrats to twenty republicans. The democratic proportion of the legislature immediately began to decrease again, and remained only nominal until 1880, though a democratic congressman was chosen in 1872 and the democratic governor was re-elected in 1874. In 1880 the democrats elected their candidates for congressman and (for the first time in the state's history) for presidential electors. The senate then stood fourteen republicans to ten democrats, and the house forty-three democrats to seven republicans.


—Among the state's political leaders are Delos R. Ashley, republican representative 1865-9; Jas. T. Fair, democratic United States senator 1881-7; John P. Jones, republican United States senator 1873-85; Jas, W. Nye governor of the territory 1861-4, and republican United States senator 1865-73; William Sharon, republican United States senator 1875-81; Wm M. Stewart, republican United States senator 1865-75.


—See 12 Stat. at Large, 209, ii. No.21, (for the acts of March 2, 1861, March 21, 1864 and the proclamation of Oct. 31, 1864. respectively); 15 Stat. at Large, 43, (for the act of May 5,1866); 2 Poore's Federal and State Constitutions; Porter's West in 1880, 470.


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