Educated Women Don't Like Globalization and Trade as Much as Educated Men
By Bryan Caplan
Tyler misstates one of the conclusions of Burgoon and Hiscox’s work on female protectionism. Contrary to Tyler, B&H don’t find that educated women are more anti-foreign than other women. Instead, they find that educated women are more anti-foreign than educated men. Less educated women are the most protectionist; then less educated men; then educated women; and finally, educated men.
To see this, take a look at B&H’s Table 3. “Female” and “Highly Educated” are both “dummy variables” (variables equal to either 0 or 1). The positive coefficent on “Highly Educated” always substantially exceeds the negative coefficient on “Female.”
I actually have a paper that builds on B&H. In it, I find that B&H’s result holds not just for protectionism, but for economic beliefs in general. Education makes both men and women think more like economists, but it has a larger effect on men’s beliefs than women’s. In fact, the effect of education on economic beliefs seems to be about 50% larger for men than women.