From Scientific American:

One group that does not value perceived losses differently than gains are individuals with autism, a disorder characterized by problems with social interaction. When tested, autistics often demonstrate strict logic when balancing gains and losses, but this seeming rationality may itself denote abnormal behavior. “Adhering to logical, rational principles of ideal economic choice may be biologically unnatural,” says Colin F. Camerer, a professor of behavioral economics at Caltech.

Tyler’s new book is full of praise of what he calls the autistic cognitive style. It’s full of other topics as well, as this brief essay in Fast Company illustrates.

Thanks to Razib for the pointer to the SciAm article, which actually promises much more than it delivers.