Alison Wolf challenges the conventional wisdom.

large international studies often find a negative relationship between education and growth rates.

Egypt is a classic example of this. Between 1970 and 1998, its primary school enrollment rates grew to over 90%, secondary schooling soared from 32% to 75%, and university education doubled. Egypt started the period as the world’s 47th poorest country; it ended the period as the 48th poorest.

For Discussion. Wolf argues that number of students educated is not the right measure of education. What would be a better measure?