Bloomberg’s Moshinsky and Brunsden report
The shadow banking industry has grown to about $67 trillion, $6 trillion bigger than previously thought…The [Financial Stability Board, FSB], a global financial policy group comprised of regulators and central bankers, found that shadow banking grew by $41 trillion between 2002 and 2011.
Full report (PDF) here
. For comparison, U.S. M2, a broad measure of the money supply, is about $10 trillion. Shadow banking is big.
Shadow banking, in the FSB’s usage, is made up of financial services that use short term savings to fund long term investments (maturity transformation), that fund illiquid investments with liquid funds (liquidity transformation), and/or that make heavy use of leverage (I’m skipping a fourth function for brevity).
Borrow short and liquid, lend long and illiquid, and only have thin slice of equity on top: That’s modern banking, whether shadow or daylight.
Don’t sweat the precise number of $67 trillion too much. Measuring shadow banking is hard: routine accounts payable are a kind of shadow banking. But it still sounds like it’s bigger than it used to be.
All that extra banking activity over the last decade, all that extra private-sector credit creation, and still so little price inflation. Worth genuinely reflecting upon.
And in “hot money” news:
The share of [shadow banking] activity based in the U.S. has declined from 44 percent in 2005 to 35 percent in 2011, moving to the U.K. and the rest of Europe.
I wouldn’t lament the decline. Let’s spread the risk.